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Hajj Pilgrimage

They will come to thee on foot and (mounted) on every kind of camel, lean on account of journeys through deep and distant mountain highways . . . (Quran 22:27)

Ever since Kaaba was built by Abraham from black stone, people used to gather around the “sacred house “ or “Kaaba”.

For about the last 14 centuries, Hajj has been one of the religious duties that able-bodied Muslims all over the world are obliged to carry out at least once in their lifetime during a specific time of the year.

Mecca witnesses the largest mass gathering in the world taking place in Saudi Arabia.

During this mass gathering, a few million Muslims will be in a relatively small area, setting that person-to-person distance at zero at any given time for a few days. Those few millions will be crowded together during Tawaf where they have to walk around Kaaba 7 times anticlockwise.

The close person-to-person contact significantly increases the risk of communicable diseases ranging from the flu and pneumonia to scary outbreaks of meningococcal meningitis. A proof of immunization against the latter is mandatory to issue a visa by the Saudi authorities.

Risk for illnesses due to contaminated food and water also skyrockets during Hajj.

At the end of Hajj, Muslim men must shave their heads, and unclean blades can transmit blood-borne pathogens, such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and HIV.

Please visit our While You’re There section for information on how to implement personal protective measures during Hajj.

Trauma is a major cause of injury and death during Hajj*.

Pilgrims may walk long distances through or near dense traffic, and motor vehicle accidents are inevitable*

The most feared trauma hazard, however, is stampede*.

Book an appointment to see your travel doctor for a proper pre-travel consult.

Please note:

The information in this page is for educational purposes only. It is not the substitute to a formal travel consult with your travel doctor. The risks expressed are not exact and range from low to high depending on many factors like the length of stay and style of travel. Not all destination-specific general risks are listed on this page.


 Contact us to schedule your next appointment.